India, 336 BC: Alexander has launched an attack on the Indian sub-continent.
[336 BC-323 BC]
The throne of Macedon in south-east Europe has been occupied by
Alexander. Having defeated the last of the Persian rulers and
conquered the Acharmenian empire, Alexander has vowed to conquer the
Indian satraps. His army has crossed the Hindukush mountains and is
strengthening its position near Kabul. He has captured the fortresses
of Massaga and Aornos. Alexander is from a far off land called
Greece. This is reportedly beyond the horizon.
The astonishing fact about this he is just 21 years old! It's known
from well-placed sources that he is planning to launch a major attack
on the Pauravan king across the Jhelum river. The Pauravan king is
planning a massive counter attack.
Alexander defeats the Pauravan King
India, 326 BC: Alexander moves through the dense jungles of Ohind. Then,
having crossed the Indus river and secured the help of the Ambhi,
king of Taxila, Alexander marches on to the Jhelum. The Pauravan king
with an army of 30,000 soldiers, horses and elephants provided fierce
resistance but was eventually defeated.
When Alexander asked
the Pauravan king to bow, the latter answered, "Act like a King".
Impressed by the
Pauravan king's efforts he has given him back his kingdom.
Alexander leaves India
Alexander has moved further. He concentrated on capturing the Chenab
and Ravi plains upto Beas. This strategy of Alexander is typical of
the great Greek rulers. Having conquered several tribes and satraps,
Alexander has received many presents including brocades, gems, tigers,
etc. He wanted to move further towards the Ganges valley, but has been
stopped by his tired troops.
So with a heavy heart, Alexander has retraced his steps to the
Jhelum. He has been severally wounded while storming one of the
citadels of the powerful tribe of Malavas. Through the desserts of
Baluchistan and with terrible sufferings, he has reached Babylon. And
in 323 BC , not very long after his return to Babylon, Alexander dies.
"The hold of the great king [Alexander] on the Indian frontier slackened
considerably in the fourth century BC. The arduous campaigns of
Alexander restored the fallen fabric of imperialism and laid the
foundation of a closer contact between India and the Hellenic
world. The Macedonian empire in the Indus valley no doubt perished
within a short time. But the Macedonian had welded the political atoms
into one unit and thus paved the way for the permanent union under the